KAYSERI FORTRESS According to geographer Strabon. Caesarea (hence the modern name Kayseri) had no town walls in antiquity. It is estimated that the first town walls have been built against probable invasions coming from the east. The sources of the 6th century A.D inform us that these walls were, erected under the Byzantine Emperor Justinianus.

The town walls have been fortified and enlarged in the Seldjuk, Karamanoğlu, and Ottoman periods consecutively, and therefore have been altered to a great extent. The fortress of Kayseri is composed of inner and outer citadels today, and is one of the most beautiful examples of Turkish military architecture.

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