It is located to the south of Kayseri. On a clear day it is possible to see it from Cappadocia to the northeast. Erciyas is the highest mountain with a height of 3,917 m / 12,850 ft in Central Anatolia, and is one of the volcanoes that contributed to the formation of the Cappadocia region.

On some ancient coins it was shown as a bursting volcano. As it was always snow-covered the Hittites called it “The White Mountain”. According to the ancient geographer Strabo, one could see the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea from the top of Erciyas.


If we tell you Urgup is one of the most touristical areas of Cappadocia, no one can tell use that we are exaggerating. At the first sight, the urbanization of Urgup may cause difficulties in understanding the historical and geographical characteristics of Cappadocia but in Urgup you may feel yourself having reaching with whole Cappadocia. At the entrance of Nevsehir direction, the symbol of Cappadocia, two typical fairy chimneys welcome you. The landscape terrace, named as ‘Qatalkaya’ and Vc Giizeller’ are the first stop of the visitors of Urgup. Urgup


Kozakh Thermal Springs   . Kozakli, became a district on 1954, is 100 km far away from Nevsehir city center. In order to reach Kozakli you need to take Kirsehir-Kayseri road and turn left to Topakli road on 24th km. Kozakli is one of the important thermal springs of Nevsehir. It is known that the thermal springs is good for many illnesses and it helped Kozakli to become an important tourism center. After 1960s many touristical premises have been opened in the area and today the accommodation capacity is almost 7000.

Guvercinlik Valley

The Guvercinlik Valley, located on the east of Uchisar, is one of the important trekking routes of Cappadocia. The Valley got its name from the dovecotes it has (in order to have more information please see Qat Valley Dovecotes). While one of the edges of the Valley reaches to Nevsehir-Urgup asphalt, the other edge reaches to Goreme. The total length of the Valley is 4 km. The Guvercinlik Valley used to be called with the name of ‘Vasil Stream’ which flows through the valley. It is thought that this name might have come from Saint Basilius. The Vasil Stream, passes through the whole valley, carved out natural tunnels in the Valley. During the trekking routes, these tunnels are being passed and they offer cool off opportunity for the trackers in summer time. Let’s give a tip for the ones who love butterflies; they love to have a rest in these dewy tunnels. Hangover, it is your talent to take their photos without spooking them by your zoom objectives. You may have your trekking in pigeon valley alone, still we suggest you to have a guide who knows the surrounding.

Due to your preference, you may enter the Valley from Goreme edge or Nevsehir asphalt. The groups who want to visit the Valley partly generally use the entrance ofAsagi quarter of Uchisar. If you use this entrance after 500 m you will reach the main branch of the Valley. At this point 1/3 of the Valley remains in Goreme side (north west) and 2/3 of the Valley remains in Nevsehir asphalt (south east). If you walk towards Goreme after 1 hour walking you will be there but if you prefer to take Nevsehir asphalt way, you have 2 hours to reach to the edge of the Valley.

For the ones who want to walk through the whole Valley, it would be better for them to start from Nevsehir asphalt side. There is a no passage cliff where the Valley combines with the branch from Uchisar. By mistake if you were able to reach to this no passage cliff, it would be better for you go back and prosecute the footpath on the left. As you come closer to Goreme, on the left side of the Valley there are three churches close to each other. These are Kadir Durmus, Karsi Bucak and Yusuf Kog Churches (more information about these churches is given on Goreme chapter). We can almost hear the complains of the ones who want to see the Valley but who are lazy to walk. If you are one the members of this group we recommend you to enjoy the beautiful view of the Valley by going up a terrace where you can feel the whole Valley. It is between us but you can find kind of a terrace in Uchisar nearby the Uchisar Kaya Hotel. Enjoy your show!

Uchisar Castle

Uchisar, is located 7 km east of Nevsehir. When the subject is Uchisar, the first thing comes to mind is Uchisar Castle. This giant rock mass with 50 m height has the ability to show itself to us from a far distance. It is not known who was the first constructors of the Castle. The Castle which was constructed on the highest point of the region (1400 m) has been used as an important defense point against Arab invasions during Roman and Byzantine periods. Today, most of the hollows that we see around the Castle and on the rocks surround the Castle, have been engraved as graves during the Roman period. During Anatolian Beyliks period (12-14th centuries), the Castle was used as a frontier area. Since the Castle was the eastern border of Selljuks, western border of Kadi Burhanettin Beyliks and eastern border of Karamanogullan; it was called as ‘Uchisar’ during these periods.

The castles of Bashisar (Urgup), Ortahisar and Uchisar were located on the highest points of the region and during Seljuk period, they were the three main guarding points of Nevsehir. During that period, there was a high population living around Uchisar Castle which as kind of a frontier beylik. In order to cover the water need of the population of the area, Seljuks carried water through pipes from Gem/7 Mountain, situated 3 km south of the area by using the altitude difference. Sporadically, the small pools were built up both to rest and purify the water and to prevent the explosion of the pipes due to the high pressure. During that period, it is known that 5 fountains and 2 wash houses (Asbap Pmari) have been built. Three of the fountains were able to reach today. The water of the fountains stil follows the same route. One of the wash houses was located in Asagi Mahalle and it is also known as Asagi Mahalle Fountain. It is known that during Karamanogullan period, the brother of the chief of Kayseri Beylik was the chief of Uchisar Beylik. During that period, Uchisar had the chance of protecting its situation as a border between Karamanogullan, Kadi Burhanettin and Osmanli Beylik. After Osmanli Beylik’s ruling in the region on 1398 by Beyazit II, it is known that the Uchisar Castle capitulated to Beyazit II. After that date, the Ottoman domination started in the region. On 1530, during the first census of population, it was defined that 2663 people was living in Uchisar. Actually the Uchisar Castle consists of two adjacent tapered. Among the locals, the big one is called as Agamn Kalesi (Castle of Agha)’ and the small one is called ‘Cavusun Kalesi (Castle of Sergeant)’.The Castle, which has a multiplex looking, can be reached by an inner staircase. On different floors of the Castle there are rooms for many aims, graves and various tunnels. The edges of the tunnels were covered by big round shape stones called as latch stone. The Castle also has a very impressive cistern. In order to provide water to the Castle during long lasting enclosures, a tunnel was digged towards Karankemer Stream which is flowing under. Since today most parts of the tunnel were collapsed and plugged, it is impossible to see it. Inside the Castle there is also a cave to be used by the inhabitants of the Castle during the wars. There are three different tunnels to reach to this cave. The tunnels combines in a big hall and the latch stones were used to cover the edges of the tunnels. One of them can be seen today. I think, there is no need to tell you that, as you climb up the Uchisar Castle, the excellent view of whole Cappadocia will welcome you and you will feel Cappadocia under your feet. But anyway, we would like to remind you that this is the only point where you can see Hasan and Erciyes Mountain in the same frame.

Gulsehir places to visit

Gulsehir, one of the oldest settlements of Cappadocia is situated on the southern side of Kizilirmak River. It is 20 km far away from Nevsehir. During the domination of Persian and Byzantine in Cappadocia, Gulsehir was named as ‘Zoropasso’ and later on the name ‘Arapsun’ was used even after the Ottomans conquered the area on 1466. Arapsun on 1584 was a village of Uchisar of Nigde. At the end of the 18th century the name of the Village was changed into Gulsehir by Ottoman pasha Silahtar Seyyid Mehmet Pasha, also known as Karavezir1. After Karavezir, once more the name Gulqehir was changed into Arapsun and was used until 1948. After 1948 the name Gulsehir was again in usage. On 1954 Nevsehir became a city and Gulsehir was separated from Nigde and attached to Nevsehir.

Karavezir Complex

The Complex, in the city center, was constructed between 1777 and 1781 during Karavezir Seyyid Mehmet Pasha period. The Complex consists of mosque, madrasah, bath and fountain. It is known that Karavezir has established a foundation in order to provide sustainability to the Complex.

Karavezir Mosque: It has been constructed by Seyyid Mehmet Pasha on 1779. The Mosque is also known as ‘Kursunlu Cami’ and is surrounded by a courtyard with three entrance. In the construction, the typical yellow and white cut off stone of Gulsehir has been used decoratively. The Mosque reflects the characteristic Ottoman architecture and has a dome carried by four arches and located on a square plan. The one crowned minaret of Mosque is 37m high. Over the entrance gate signature of Abdulhamid, I in a medal shape was located and under it the inscription of the Mosque was placed. The marble altar, pulpit and sermon bench are worth to see.

Karavezir Madrasah: It is located on the opposite of Karavezir Mosque, on the other side of the road. It is understood from the inscription that it was constructed on 1780. The Madrasah has a courtyard with 32×32 m wide, 13 small rooms and one classroom. Between 1933 and 1962 it was used as a prison and after 1963 it was turned into a library. Today it still serves as a library. Karavezir Bath: The bath was constructed on 1777 and grey cutt off stone was used in the construction. The Bath has classical characteristics of Ottoman baths and has a changing room, tepidity and caldarium. In its caldarium there are 5 taps with marble valves. The Bath had a restoration on 1962 and on 1971 the original cauldron of 250 kg weight was changed. Today, the Bath is not able to find an operator because of the economical reasons and is kept closed.

Gulsehir Fountains: Karavezir, in order to bring water to the district has built up water carriers from Pmarbasi which is 5 km far away and has surrounded Gulsehir with fountains. There were 8 fountains registered in the act of Karavezir foundation and three of them are being used today. The Bas Fountain which used to be on Tuzko’y road, moved next to the Mosque and the Madrasah.

Agik Saray (Open Palace) Ruins

It is located 3 km far away from Gulsehirand on the left side of Nevsehir-Gulsehir road. Here we come across with a wide spread structure ensemble. AH of these structures are

called as Agik Saray’. Presumably, this area has witnessed settlements starting from Roman period or maybe from earlier periods. In later years, the Christians of the area converted these Roman structures into their own usage. After the settlement of Turks, some of the structures have been also used by them. Agik Saray was renovated on 1961 and opened to the visitors, today it is possible to see 3 monasteries, 12 churches, rock engraved houses and graves from Roman period and unfortunately most of them were damaged because of  the erosion. The rock engraved churches dated to 9th or 10th centuries and usually they do not have any frescoes. But some of them have one colored geometrical drawings and some of them have embossed animal figures, crufix any other components. A little stream, passes through the settlement area ofAgik Saray and divides the ruins into two. Since there are no explanatory writings on none of the structures, it is hard to define them. But we will try to explain you the structures in visiting order starting from the entrance gate. Due to the entrance gate on the right side of the stream, alternately, there are church with exterior decoration, monastery, fermentatory barn, ruins of a small palace and above it there are Roman period graves spread to the bottom, monastery with four pillars, a structure with arch, a church with pillars, a structure with stairs and another church later on converted into a mosque. Due to the entrance gate on the left side of the stream, alternately, there are Fungus Rock (Mantar Kay a) formation, which became a symbol for Gulsehir, ruins of a big palace, fermentatory and at the end a church whose some frescoes were able to reach today.

Civelek Cave

It is located in Civelek Village which is 5 km bird eye northeast of Gulsehir district, the Cave is 2 km north of the Village and on a limestone hill known as GCirlek Hill. The entrance of the Cave starts with 2 km length narrow passage which can be only passed by creeping. The entrance gate is 1230 m high and after the entrance there is a 14 m length perpendicular stack declivity reaching to the main gallery which has 11×22 m dimension. While the Cave has been used by the people, most probably the entrance of the Cave was in another place and later on this entrance was supposed to be closed by natural reasons. In Civelek Cave, Halis Yenipinar, the manager of Nevsehir Museum started studies on 1991 and then Italian speleologs joined his studies in 1993. After the researches, many earthenwares and one disk crusher made of bone and used for woven from Neolithic and Calcolithic periods damaged and broken because of the treasure hunters. Due to the foundlings from Neolithic period to Pre Bronze Age, it is understood that the Cave has been used by the people as a cult place instead of a settlement area.

Gokgetoprak Inscriptive Rocky Monument

It is nearby Gokgetoprak Village which is 25 km north west ofAcigol district. In order to reach Gokgetoprak, you may follow the road from Acigol which passes through Yuva and Kozluca villages. The Monument, which the locals of Gokgetoprak calls ‘scriptive stone’, is situated 2.5 km south of the Village and it has grave hollows on it. It is anticipated that this rock has fall down from the upper block after the earthquake and found its today’s place. The first person who ascertained this monument in Gokgetoprak Village on 1906 was Hans Rott, the Austrian architect, who was travelling along the region.  The inscription on the rock has two sections and the meaning of the text has not been completely understood yet. It is assumed that the inscription belongs to Tabal Kingdom of Neo-Hittite era. Prof. Dr. Bilge Umar argues

that this place has been used for worshiping and the inscription reads that Vasusarmas, the King of Tabal, used to come here to pray.

Gokgetoprak Zeus Relief

The rock, located in Gokgetoprak Village was flattened and a relief has been done on it. Today, there is a house upon the rock where the relief has been situated. The relief has been placed into a niche on the rock and the figure is in sitting picture and holding up his his left hand. The upper side of his body is naked and he is wearing a hangings cloth. Although the identity of this relief has not been clear, it is generally accepted that it is the figure of Zeus, the Greek god. The first one who talked about this thesis on 1906 was Hans Rott, Austrian architect. Rott says that, during 5th century BC, the Greek god Zeus cult was very common in Cappadocia region and the god had both feminen and masculine looking. This figure has a beard and his breasts are distinctive, he holds a lance in one his hands and an axe in his other hand, these were the symbols of his being god.

Gokcetoprak Underground City

The floors of the city were found by French on 1989 and by Italians on 1991. The draw well on the second floor is 25 m deep and still has water inside. Since the necessary arrangements have not been done yet, the underground city is closed to visitors.

Churches around Goreme Open Air Museum

There are many churches around the Goreme Open Air Museum. The most commonly known structures are Tokali Church, Saint Eusthatios Church, Saint Daniel Chapel, Madonna (Virgin Mary) Church, Kiliglar Church, El Nazar Church, Sakli Church and Aynali Church.

Tokali Church: It is located on the right side of the road around 50 km down to the Goreme direction from the entrance of the Goreme Open Air Museum. It can be said that it is the best example to be seen among the Cappadocian churches with its excellent painting technique, colors, and harmony of the subjects. We can observe that Cappadocian art has reached its peak with Tokali Church. The church comes as a collection of buildings. It has gained the final form as a result of enlargement of an old church with additional sections. Today, the church consists of four sections. The first section is the old small church with single apsis. The second section is bigger new church. The third section is another church located under the old one and reached by a staircase. The fourth section consists of a side chapel located just beside the new church. Only the old and new churches have frescoes. The old church that forms the entrance of the new one is seen as an arched passage as the apsis was collapsed during enlargement works. The pictures were painted in 10th century. Here we can see several scenes from the life of Jesus figured one within the other. Paintings themselves in this section associate a form peculiar to local and folk art. Gursel Korat calls attention to paintings showing figures sitting cross-legged around a dining table on the ground, and mentions the importance of understanding the case that is not a Turkish tradition. The first thing that attracts our attention when we enter to new church part of the Tokali Church is the diversity of the color lapis blue used in the paintings. It is necessary to mention that the frescoes of the Tokali Church are getting lost briskness gradually year by year. I’ve first entered to this church in 1987; after 20 years that is a short period of time, I’ve observed that the frescoes have lost briskness in a certain ratio. I think that the issue should be urged to be considered. The new church is rectangular. On the longer edge just opposite of the entrance there are three apsises supported by small columns. Paintings and scenes among the themes of the frescoes there are largely about life of Jesus and life of Saint Basileos. The history of the frescoes goes back to 10th and 11th centuries.

Saint Eusthatios Church: It is possible to reach the church through a footpath separated from a Tokali Church. The entrance of the church is 4 m high from the base. The entrance is come up by a stairway. It has a rectangular plan and single apsis. There is an altar on the middle of the apsis. The church was enlarged by adding a grave chapel. There are graves in this section. The church was built in 1148 that is understood by scraped date on the wall. Red and green colors are dominant in the frescoes. There is a figure of Saint Eusthatios on the right side of the apsis wall.

Saint Daniel Chapel: It is very close to the Saint Eusthatios Church. Its door is closed with an iron-grid fence. The structure is a grave chapel with rectangular plan and singular apsis. It is called as Saint Daniel based on the figure of Saint Daniel among lions, and figures of Daniel with Jesus. The date of frescoes is 11th century. Some of the drawings are said to belong the icon-breaking Iconoclasm period. The Madonna Church: If you follow the pathway split from the Tokali Church you can reach the Madonna Church. It is far from the main road around 250 m. The church is also known as Kihglar Kusluk Church. It is located to see whole Kihglar Valley. The church is entered through a 5 m long narrow passage. It has an interesting architecture with rectangular plan and three apsises. The right apsis is destroyed by the effect of land erosion. The name of the church comes from the frescoes of the Virgin Mary repeated in different places of the church. Travel to Bethlehem, nativity, Jesus crucified, death of the Madonna can be seen at different sides of the church. A figurative description of Saint Basileos who has been accepted as one of the three great saints of the Cappadocia can be seen as well on the left apsis. Kihglar Church: It takes the name from the valley in which the church located. It is on the right side of the road from the Goreme Open Air Museum to Goreme city. And, it is situated 600 m far on the north¬eastern direction from the museum entrance. The church was constructed in the form of closed-Greek-cross with three apsises, and it has a dome stands on four pillars. You can see many themes in the church which is very rich of frescoes. The date of the frescoes goes back to 9th and 10th centuries.

El Nazar Church: In order to reach the church, it is necessary to track the route which follows the dry stream bed below the buffet on the right side of the road in 500 m distance to the Open Air Museum direction. If you forward 800 m then a signboard directs you to the right direction. You can reach to the church after 250 m. The church in a vineyard was built by carving inside a conical fairy chimney. Damaged parts of the church are now repaired by restoration works. Frescoes are dated to 11th and 12th centuries. There are graves carved to the base on the eastern wing of the cross form church. Scenes like good news, visit, nativity, baptism, entrance to Jerusalem, and of ascension of Jesus are engraved in the chronologically juxtaposed frescoes. There are figures of saints on the sides of medallions are seen as well.

Sakli (Hidden) Church: After you reach the El Nazar Church then you can see the Sakli Church which is very close to the El Nazar. The church has rectangular plan with three apsises, and the entrance gate faces to the Zemi Valley. Frescoes, depicted directly on smoothened rock, not on plaster, date back to 11th century. It is very interesting with this specialty. The fresco of crucifixion at the main space attracts attention. There are also scenes depicting the annunciation, the nativity, the presentation of Jesus at the temple, the baptism of Jesus by John, the Baptist, Mary’s death and some saints. The church is locked so you should ask for help from the officer of El Nazar Church.

Aynah (with Mirror) Church: It is located on quite upside of the road of Goreme to Ortahisar, and inside a vineyard on the right side. It can be accessed by a short pathway split from the main road. Here we see a group of buildings. The structure with dormitory, dining hall, kitchen and food stores was constructed as two storeys. The storeys are connected to each other by tunnels. Aynah Church consists of two sections. One of the sections was used as a church, and the other was used for meeting purposes. The church stands on four columns and has single apsis. There are no frescoes inside except red colored simple geometrical drawings. The section which was used for meetings is called ‘Firkatan’. So, some of the resources mention the name of the church as Firkatan Church as well. In this section, there can be seen some simple ornaments. There is an interesting cross symbol created by connection of four epsilon symbols on the left side of the door which connects the two sections. Gursel Korat has signifies that this drawing can not be found anywhere else in Cappadocia except this church.

Churches and other structures at the town center and periphery

This building group is located in an easy walking distance from the Goreme town center. Most of the components are located in the Orta Neighborhood.

Roman Grave: This grave room constructed on a high rock cone in Goreme center comes from the Roman period. In the forth side of the grave room, facing to outside, a square frame was formed and two pillars erected and a monumental view came into the picture. But, lower parts of the grave are destroyed, and pillars are broken down.

Durmus Kadir Church: This structure with basilica plan and impressive architecture is located in the entrance of theAvcilar Valley. The area is also called Kesisderesi, name of the owner of vineyard. The building with rectangular plan and three apsises stands on 6 columns. Main church section is accessed through a grave chapel. There is no fresco inside. A stone rostrum being ascended by three steps was designed as an architectural element during engraving of the church. The church was constructed during 0h and 7th century.

Yusuf Kog Church: This church is situated on a high fairy chimney in the same area as The Durmus Kadir Church is located. The church was opened to visits after being used as a dovecote for a long period of time. And, the name comes from the name of the owner. The church has two apsises and stands on 6 columns. Some of the columns are broken. Kog Church is the only structure with frescoes among the churches handled here. Predominantly descriptions of saints attract our attention. The frescoes were drawn in 11 fh century.

Bezirhane (Linseed oil house): It is located in a place in the entrance of Avcilar Valley and closer to the Goreme-Ughisar road. The church is a big structure and has a high interior space elevated by three columns. As the building used to be used as a linseed oil house interior walls are darkened by soot. There is no fresco inside the churchr’

Zemi Deresi (Brook) Valley: It is oneof the known trekking courses of the Cappadocia. There is an entrance to the Zemi Valley from the Babaccik area on the 10th km of the asphalt paved road from Urgup to Nevsehir. In this point, there is a signboard showing the entrance to the valley. The valley starts here and extends to the Goreme-Ortahisar asphalt paved road. It is also possible to enter the 5600 m long valley from the side of the Goreme Open Air Museum. But, if you like to walk the whole valley I recommend starting on the other side for a more comfortable walk. There is a steep part needs attention to pass through. Except this part walking through the valley is quite easy and pleasant. You can see the churches of Karabulut and Sarnig close to each other towards the middle of the valley. Towards the end of the valley there are El Nazar and Sakli churches. In this part impressive fairy chimneys and Gorkiindere Valley can be visited. Walking in the Zemi Valley is ending by the side of the buffet on the Goreme-Ortahisar paved road. If you turn left in this point, forward 500 m, and again turn right you will see the Goreme Open Air Museum.

 Karabulut (Dark Cloud) Church: If you follow the above mentioned route approximately 2.5 km starting from Zemi Valley beginning, and forward 100 m left split pathway, then you will be in front of the church. As the church is not included in tourist lines of travel, you can find it by company of a local guide. History of the church goes back to 11th century.

Sarnig (Cistern) Church: The church, located about 200 from Karabulut Church, was used as a water cistern for a while. Today, water traces in the church still can be seen. Solidity and richness of the frescoes, especially on the upper side of the church with single apsis, are interesting. Along with the scenes such as the annunciation, the nativity, the betrayal and the crucifixion, various saints’ depictions in medallions can be seen. The church was constructed in 11th century.

Saint Jean Church

There are many important churches in Cappadocia from the Christian period. Saint Jean Church, one of the most spectacular churches of Cappadocia, is located on Nevsehir-Gulsehir road, on the left of the Gulsehir entrance. The 500 meter long road, which separates from the main road by a yellow signboard, will take you to the carpark in front of the church.

After Christianity, like many other churches in the region, Saint Jean Church was demolished and its frescos were damaged. In order to cover the frescos, a big fire was lit in the church to cover the walls with soot. On top of this, when the effects of floods, erosion, and destruction of natural forces were added, the urgency of protection and restoration of the church became necessary. Thanks to the attempts of the Culture Ministry and other related foundations, the restoration began in 1995 and finished in 1996. At the end of the restoration, which was supervised by Ridvan isler, the necessary precautions were taken against the destruction from natural forces and the layers of soot on the frescos were cleaned diligently. Today, the church is open to the public with its wonderful frescos.

The church consists of two floors. On the left hand side of the main area on the first floor, there is a small room with a wine well and wall cavities. At the right of the entrance, there is a dormitory room reached by a short tunnel thought to have been built for its staff. The first floor is built on a cross-plan and the cross arms are vaulted. The decorations in this church were drawn in red directly on the rock. Stylised animal motives, crosses and geometrical shapes attract attention among these drawings. Both the ceiling, built on a single apsis, and the stone stairs to the upper floor have collapsed. Today a wooden stairs is built replacing the stone one. The apsis of the church is located on the second floor opposite the newly built wooden stairs. According to the writing on the apsis, the Saint Jean Church, built in 1212, was amongst the important art centers of its period. The frescoes in the church are really fascinating. The second floor was carved out later on. This floor has a single vaulted apsis. Its frescoes were inspired by scenes from the Bible and belong to a later period. These frescoes are unique in the stories they describe as well as the difference in the style of the drawings. They were colored mainly in yellow and brown on a black background, and the lively and striking scenes attract attention. Among these scenes, the last judgement scene which is rarely encountered in the churches of the

Cappadocia region is noticible. The other scenes depicting the last dinner, betrayal, baptism, Mary’s death, delivering Jesus from the cross, women around the empty grave and various saints are also eye catching.

Cappadocia Weather Climate

The altitude of the Cappadocia region is around 1100 meters. It has a continental climate where the summers are hot and rainless and the winters are cold and rainy. The winter starts from mid December and lasts until mid March and brings with it snow, while the Spring brings rain. Usually it doesn’t rain during the summer and autumn months. The region is poor in greenery and the vegetation can be described as steppe. In order to have more information about the weather forecast, you may visit the below address:
Meteorology Tel: +90 (0) 312 359 75 45

Cappadocia of past and today

Land of Anatolia, that our country exists on it today, was named as “Small Asia” in old periods especially among the west societies. The region, which is called Cappadocia was used to define definite settlement and civilization region in Anatolia in antiquity.
In Antiquity the region of Cappadocia was comprising very large geographical area compared to our definition of today. Borders of the region was reaching up to the coasts of Black Sea before Christ (B.C.) sixth century. Before Christ (B.C.) in the year of 360 region splited into two main parts. One of them was called Cappadocia of Black Sea or Pontos and the other one was called Big Cappadocia. The region of Big Cappadocia was consisting Kirsehir, Nevsehir, Aksaray, Nigde, Kayseri, Yozgat, Malatya, east of Ankara, south of Sivas and north ofAdana of today. Borders of Cappadocia were changed many times later. Today, Cappadocia is understood as a region which includes Nev§ehir as a center, and lands which are geographically continuation of Nevsehir in Aksaray, Kirsehir, Kayseri and Nigde.