Travelers tend to drive past this very ancient township without paying attention to it; either because Nigde is rarely mentioned in guides, or because it has no eye catching landmarks.

The hisorical Tyana of the Romans, Nigde is known to have flourished during the Hittite Empire period, but the site of Tuwanuwa, the Hittite city, is actually a few kilometers south of the present town.

This is as far as the Assyrian armies of Semiramis penetrated into Cappadocia. During the Byzantine period Nigde was a major target of several Saracen raids.

After the victorius battle at Manazkirt, Seljuk Turk expansion gained impetus. Nigde was captured in the same year, 1071; shortly afterwards came the seizure of Erzurum, followed by the capture of Jerusalem. After the brief Mongolian incur­sion in 1308, Nigde became occupied by various Turkish tribes until its final conquest by Sultan Fatih Mehmet, the conqueror of Constantinople.

The Seljuk castle was built in the 11th century and the beautiful Alaeddin Mosque dates to 1223. The Akmedrese (White School) is an old Islamic institute of learning, founded in 1409 by Alaeddin Ali. It is now a museum, the collection of which includes Bronze Age, Hellenic, Roman, Byzantinian and Turkish relics and the mumified remains of a local woman, found in the dry sand.

The Ciftehan hot springs and baths are known to contain beneficial mineral components and its facilities are open to visitors.

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