Matiana-Macan-Avcılar Göreme was called Maçan in antiquity and is one of the oldest sites in this region. The oldest known source where the name of this city is mentioned, is the book titled ” The Doings of St. Hieron” of the 7th century.
Maçan was not a city naturally protected and hidden from the eye, therefore it suffered a lot from the Arab raids and lost the majority of its population. The churches of Magan were rebuilt after the Arab invasions were over. It is generally accepted that the city was situated by the side of a river in its earliest times, and there are indeed two pillared mausoleums left from this early stage as proof of this early settlement. There are five churches in the village of Göreme and its surroundings. The biggest of these is the Durmuş Kadir Church which is thought to have been built in either the 6th or the 7th century. Its pillars and the preacher’s desk are well preserved. The other churches of Göreme have been built in the 10th and the 11th centuries after the Arab raids. The youngest church here is the Yusuf Koç Church which was built in the 11th century when Göreme had an episcopate. Two of the churches of Göreme, the Bezirhanı Church and the Orta Mahalli Church are within the city, and the farthest church which can be reached in 30 minutes on foot, is the Church of Karabulut dating back to the 11th century.
The most attractive settlement of the region is the village of Göreme which is an unsurpassed example of the harmony of man and nature. People still live in the rock houses or use them as storerooms today, displaying an immense reverence for this volcanic earth and history. The village of Göreme does not only have rock houses, but also rock restaurants and rock hotels which all visitors find amazing. The natural boundaries of the city are drawn by the high rocks surrounding it and the fairy chimneys within; it’s a place that offers unbelievable natural treasures.