Kayseri is established by the side of the plain which is watered by Karasu (the dark stream) at the northern outskirts of Mount Erciyes. It is a lively commercial center wellknown for textile, sugar, and airplane repair industries today. Kayseri has been inhabited since early history and we see the evidences of this long history in the finds of the Kültepe and Eğriköy excavations. Following the Early Bronze Age, the Period of the Assyrian Trade Colonies, and the Hittite Period, Kayseri and its surroundings were called the Tabal Land in the Late Hittite Period. It was first ruled by the Assyrians and then by the Medes, and became the center of the Cappadocian Strapy in 550 A.D under the rule of the Persians. It was called “Mazaka” at this age. Kayseri went under Macedonian rule after the visit of Alexander the Great. After his death, the Persian Ariarathes dynasty became the ruler of the independent Kingdom of Cappadocia with its capital at Kayseri. The city was called ” Eusebeia” during the rule of this dynasty. The Ariarathes dynasty ailed this region until 90 B.C when the King of Pontus, Mithridates, assigned his own son to the Cappadocian throne. The Romans took hold of Cappadocia again in 66 B.C. Kayseri remained under Byzantian rule for hundreds of years and was faced with frequent Arabic invasions. After the war of Manzikert (1071), it became an important center of the Seldjuk Empire, but was conquered by the Crusaders in 1097. The city was then ruled by the Danişmendoğulları which was another Turkish principality, the Seldjuks, and the Mongols after the war of Kösedağ (1243) consecutively. Kayseri went through a number of wars till it was finally conquered by the Ottomans in 1515.

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