Cappadocia Informations-ERCIYES Erciyes is one of the highest mountains (3917 m) of Anatolia and is situated at the south-west of Kayseri. It’s the foremost volcanic mountain of the region whose volcanic activity started in the miocenic stage and lasted until the recent geologic time.
The Erciyes Mountain has a diameter of 18 kilometers and covers an area of 1500 square meters, with volcanic basins to its east that reach up to heights of 1200-1700 meters. Erciyes which looks older and shabbier than the Hasandağ, spurted out tuffs and then andesites during its volcanic activity. Towards the end stage of this active period it also erupted basalt lava.
The peak of this volcanic mountain which the Hittites called ” Harkassos” or ” the White Mountain” is always covered with snow. The Hittite Pantheon which comprised almost a thousand gods, also had very significant mountain gods, one of which is believed to be the Erciyes Mountain.
The mountain gods of the Hittites are seen clearly on the reliefs we know today. The ancient peoples have worshipped Erciyes for long ages and this mountain god emerges as an important deity even at the Roman period, together with the emperor and jupiter cults. Erciyes which was then called ” Argieus”, appears on all the minted coins of this region.